The EU Campaign
How did we get « Age-Friendly environments » on the EU agenda ?
In 2012 AGE launched the Campaign “Towards and Age-Friendly EU by 2020” with the goal to shape a fair and sustainable society for all ages. The implementation of the Campaign was mainly driven by two processes which made it possible to strongly influence the political agenda on European level. One process is the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Health Aging (EIP AHA), the other one is the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations 2012 (EY 2012).
The European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Aging
The European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP AHA) was released in 2010 and is part of the Innovation Union which is one out of the seven flagship initiatives adopted by the European Union to achieve smart, sustainable and inclusive growth by 2020. The overarching goal of the EIP AHA is, to enable citizens to live longer independently in good health by increasing the number of healthy life years by two. The partnership is described as a triple-win for Europe as it seeks to:
- Enable EU citizens to lead healthy, active and independent lives while ageing;
- Improve the sustainability and efficiency of social and health care systems developing EU and global markets for innovative products and services;
- Ultimately create new opportunities for businesses.
Based on the vision to find new paradigms of ageing and innovative services for older people, to focus on a holistic and multidisciplinary approach and to develop dynamic and sustainable care systems, “three pillars reflecting the ‘life stages’ of older individual[s]” were formed:
- Prevention, screening and early diagnosis
- Care and cure
- Active ageing and independent living
Additionally, “horizontal issues”, such as regulatory and standardisation conditions, effective funding and evidence based, reference examples, repository for age-friendly innovation, were pointed out.
A result of the steering group was the establishment of six action groups, which focus on the actions needed to address the three pillars and the horizontal issues: adherence, fall prevention, prevention of frailty, integrated care, independent living and age-friendly environments group. All groups released Action plans, available here.
In order to illuminate the importance of age-friendly environments on regional and local level, AGE, CEMR and Eurocities carried out a survey to “Assess the needs of regions, cities and towns regarding a European initiative supporting age-friendly environments”. The result of this study is that the 255 respondents, thereof 81 cities, 47 regions, 31 towns and 96 organizations (universities, NGO’s…) are becoming more and more active in the field of age-friendly environments, but face obstacles such as: lack of funding, limited possibilities to share good practices and information about funding.
Altogether, the activities promoted through the EIP AHA aim at address Europe’s demographic change by sharing relevant knowledge as well as fostering the development and implementation of innovative products, services and initiatives.
The European Year 2012 on Active Aging and Solidarity between Generations
The aim of the European Year 2012 on Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations was twofold. First, it aimed on the one hand the promotion of active aging, driven by the definition of the WHO: “Active ageing is the process of optimising opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age.” On the other hand, to take the demographic change as a chance to not waste the potential of the so called baby boom generation to participate longer in the labour market. Furthermore, the tenth anniversary of the “International Action Plan on Aging”, which was adopted in 2002, offered the opportunity to focus on active ageing across Europe that year. Solidarity between generations completed the focus to ensure that neither, older nor younger people are becoming a burden for the others as it is also mentioned in article 3.3 of the Lisbon Treaty.
During the year, the Coalition of the European Year of Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations launched the Campaign “Towards an AGE-Friendly EU by 2020” and issued a call for a Covenant on Demographic Change in its “Manifesto for an Age-Friendly European Union by 2020”. The Coalition believed it was necessary to create a network to enable different stakeholders across Europe to exchange knowledge and good practices. Such an EU Covenant on Demographic Change would offer the necessary political and technical framework to support active and healthy aging and develop age-friendly environments, similar to the Covenant of Mayors on sustainable energy. The aim is to bring together local and regional authorities and stakeholders, across the EU, who want to find smart and innovative evidence based solutions and facilitate the creation of an EU repository of good practice.